ECCS '12 Brussels - European Conference on Complex Systems ECCS'12 Complex Systems Society





Keynote speakers

Charles H Bennett - IBM Research

Charles H Bennet Charles H. Bennett is an IBM Fellow at IBM Research. Bennett's recent work at IBM has concentrated on a re-examination of the physical basis of information, applying quantum physics to the problems surrounding information exchange. He has played a major role in elucidating the interconnections between physics and information, particularly in the realm of quantum computation, but also in cellular automata and reversible computing. He discovered, with Gilles Brassard, the concept of quantum cryptography and is one of the founding fathers of modern quantum information theory. Bennett is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the 2008 Harvey Prize by the Technion and the 2006 Rank Prize in opto-electronics.

Charles H Bennet will talk about What is it that increases during self-organization, and why? (abstract)

Jean-Louis Deneubourg - Université libre de Bruxelles

Jean-Louis Deneubourg Jean-Louis Deneubourg is Senior Research Associate at the Belgium National Science Foundation (FNRS) and professor at the Faculty of Sciences of the Université libre de Bruxelles. His research interests include experimental and theoretical approaches to collective behaviour in groups of organisms. One of the main goals of his research is to study the relationship between individual behaviour and the properties of groups such as the relationship between the individual and collective decision making in insects and vertebrates. His research activities are also focused on the interaction between animals and robots and distributed problem solving in social insects.

Jean-Louis Deneubourg will talk about Diversity of collective decision-making patterns resulting from gregarious behaviour (abstract)

Manfred Eigen - Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen

Manfred Eigen Manfred Eigen is an emeritus director of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen. His research on chemical kinetics helped to establish molecular elementary processes on which the physical and chemical characteristics of biological matter are based, thus laying the foundation for a new dynamic biochemistry. In 1967, Eigen was awarded, along with Ronald Norrish and George Porter, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. They were distinguished for their studies of extremely fast chemical reactions induced in response to very short pulses of energy. Eigen's name is linked with the prebiotic self organization (1971) and also with the model and theory of chemical quasispecies and hypercycles (the latter described with Peter Schuster in 1977).

Manfred Eigen will talk about Complexity in Biology (abstract)

Santo Fortunato - Aalto University

Santo Fortunato Santo Fortunato is Associate Professor in Computational Science at the School of Science of Aalto University, Finland, and research leader at ISI Foundation in Turin, Italy. His research focuses on complex networks, statistical physics modeling of large-scale social dynamics and the so-called science of science, in particular the study of the citation and collaboration patterns of scientists. His favorite topics include graph clustering, characterization and modeling of the behavior of voters, Web users, and scholars. He is engaged in establishing a complexity science driven by data, with less room for speculation and more for validation. In 2011, he received the Young Scientist Award for Socio- and Econophysics of the German Physical Society.

Santo Fortunato will talk about Community detection in networks (abstract)

Theo Geisel - Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization and University of Göttingen

Theo Geisel Theo Geisel is director at the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization and professor of theoretical physics at the University of Göttingen. He founded and heads the Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience (BCCN) Göttingen. His research focuses on the behavior of complex systems ranging from quantum chaos and semiconductor nanostructures to theoretical brain research and the forecast of epidemics. A recipient of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize, Geisel is also a classical and jazz musician performing on flute and saxophone. As part of a public session bringing out the cultural and social impacts of complex systems research, his talk "The Beat Generation - And its Perception" will present his recent work on temporal fluctuations in musical rhythms.

Theo Geisel will talk about The Beat Generation - And its Perception during the public session.

Peter Grassberger - Forschungszentrum Jülich and University of Calgary

Peter Grassberger Peter Grassberger is a honorary director of the Complex Systems Research Group at the John-von-Neumann Institute, Forschungszentrum Jülich and holds an iCORE visiting research professorship at the University of Calgary. Grassberger made outstanding contributions to the fields of statistical and particle physics. He is most famous for his contributions to chaos theory, where he introduced the idea of correlation dimension, a means of measuring a type of fractal dimension of the strange attractor. With early work on particle phenomenology, his career-long scientific contributions include reaction-diffusion systems, cellular automata and lattice gases, fractals, Griffiths phases, self-organized criticality, and percolation. His current interests concern generalized percolation type transitions and the inference of causal connections in networks.

Peter Grassberger will talk about The many faces of percolation (abstract)

Raymond Kapral - University of Toronto

Raymond Kapral Raymond Kapral is Professor of Chemistry in the Chemical Physics Theory Group in the University of Toronto. His research interests include statistical mechanics, nonlinear dynamics, the dynamics of open quantum systems and pattern formation and self organization phenomena in complex systems. The mesoscale dynamics of molecular machines and motors that operate under far-from-equilibrium conditions in the cell or in vitro environments is an integral part of current research. Efforts in this area focus on the ways synthetic nanomachines can be designed to have specific properties and perform specific tasks, and how protein machines can operate in the complex environment in the interior of the cell.

Raymond Kapral will talk about Copying Biology: Synthetic Chemically-Powered Nanomotors (abstract)

Jean-Marie Lehn - Université de Strasbourg

Jean-Marie Lehn Jean-Marie Lehn is Honorary Professor at Collčge de France and Professor Emeritus at Université de Strasbourg, where he heads the Laboratoire de Chimie Supramoléculaire. In 1987, he was awarded the Nobel Prize, alongside Donald Cram and Charles Pedersen, for his works on the chemical basis of molecular recognition (i.e. the way in which a receptor molecule recognizes and selectively binds a substrate), a process which also plays a fundamental role in biology. Lehn is a pioneer in the chemistry of recognition-directed molecular assemblies based on selective intermolecular interactions, which he termed supramolecular chemistry. It has subsequently evolved into the chemistry of self-organizing processes and more recently into constitutional dynamic chemistry and adaptive chemistry.

Jean-Marie Lehn will deliver the ECCS 2012 Springer Complexity Lecture.

Sylvia Walby - Lancaster University

Sylvia Walby Sylvia Walby is Distinguished Professor of Sociology at Lancaster University and holds the UNESCO Chair in Gender Research and an OBE for services to equality and diversity. She is one of the world's leading authorities on gender issues. Her research is situated within the tension between general social theory and specific forms of inequality, especially gender. She has an interest in economic matters, a fascination with new political forms, and concern with marginalised groups. Complexity theory is used to address the theorisation of the intersection of multiple inequalities, by revising the concept of social system. The understanding of globalisation and macro-level changes in societal forms requires new forms of social theory, especially complexity theories. The power of these theoretical developments for analysis of social change is shown in Globalization and Inequalities: Complexity and Contested Modernities (Sage 2009).

Sylvia Walby will talk about Complexity and the crisis: Rethinking the concepts of social system and path dependency for the analysis of the gendered neoliberal economic crisis (abstract)